The kidnapping of dozens of Assyrian Christians by the Islamic State jihadist group in Syria has prompted an exodus of terrified families fleeing their homes, activists said on Wednesday, February 25. The United States condemned the mass abduction of Christians, the first of its kind in the war-torn country, and demanded the release of the 90 hostages.
Nearly 1,000 Assyrian Christian families have fled their villages in the northeastern province of Hasakeh since Monday's kidnappings, said Osama Edward, director of the Sweden-based Assyrian Human Rights Network.
About 800 families have taken refuge in the city of Hasakeh and 150 in Qamishli, a Kurdish city on the border with Turkey, Edward said, adding that the number of displaced individuals came to about 5 000.
Most of the hostages were women, children or elderly, he added.
Edward told AFP he believed the mass abduction was linked to the jihadists' recent loss of ground in the face of US-led coalition air raids against ISIS that began in Syria in September.
"ISIS has been losing territory because of the international coalition's strikes and they took the hostages to use them as human shields," the activist said.
The jihadists, who are battling Kurdish fighters on the ground, may try to exchange the Assyrian Christians for ISIS prisoners, according to Edward.
He said the aim of the jihadists is to take over the Assyrian Christian village of Tal Tamer, which is located near a bridge over the Khabur river that links Syria to Iraq.
According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Kurdish fighters battling the jihadists on Wednesday recaptured three Assyrian villages and a nearby Arab village.
"The [Kurdish] People's Protection Units [YPG] have reclaimed Tal Shamiran, Tal Masri, Tal Hermel and Ghbeish," said Observatory director Rami Abdel Rahman.
But fighting continues in the area, he added.
In Tal Shamiran, the jihadists burned down part of a church.
And in the Arab village of Ghbeish, ISIS decapitated four men, and burned down several houses and a school. They accused the villagers of "collaborating" with the Kurdish fighters.
ISIS, which also holds swathes of Iraqi territory, last year declared an Islamic "caliphate" in areas under its control and has committed widespread atrocities.
Assyrian Christians, who are from one of the world's oldest Christian communities, have been under increasing threat since ISIS captured large parts of Syria.
Last week, the ISIS branch in Libya released a video showing the gruesome beheading of 21 Coptic Christians, mostly Egyptians.
Edward, a native of an area of Hasakeh province where 35 Assyrian villages are located, said the jihadists broke into houses during the night while everyone was asleep.
He also said the hostages were taken to Shaddadi, an ISIS provincial stronghold.
The jihadists had been intimidating the Assyrian villagers for weeks, he said, including by threatening to remove crosses from their churches.
"People were expecting an attack, but they thought that either the Syrian army – which is just 30km from there – or the Kurds or the [US-led] coalition's strikes would protect them," Edward said.
The United States on Wednesday condemned the abductions as "brutal and inhumane".
"ISIL's latest targeting of a religious minority is only further testament to its brutal and inhumane treatment of all those who disagree with its divisive goals and toxic beliefs," State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki said, using another acronym for ISIS.
"To bring an end to these daily horrors, we remain committed to leading the international coalition to degrade and defeat ISIL."
The Syrian Catholic Archbishop of Hasakeh-Nisibi, meanwhile, accused Turkey of allowing jihadists responsible for the persecution of Syrian Christians to cross its border unchecked, while preventing Christians from fleeing the conflict.
"In the north, Turkey allows through lorries, Daesh [ISIS] fighters, oil stolen from Syria, wheat and cotton: all of these can cross the border but nobody [from the Christian community] can pass over," Jacques Behnan Hindo told Vatican Radio.
There were 30,000 Assyrians in Syria before the country's conflict erupted in March 2011. At that point Syria had an estimated total Christian population of about 1.2 million people.